SOC Orientation to Life Questionnaires

The orientation to life questionnaire (OLQ) is the operational definition of the salutogenic model's core construct, the sense of coherence (SOC). The questionnaire has been found to be reliable (internal consistency and temporal stability) and valid (convergent and discriminant construct validity) in thousands of studies conducted in dozens of countries.

If you are not sure which version of the SOC scale (orientation to life questionnaire) to use, or if you are not sure it is suitable for your study, you may post a question on the SOC Scales Forum.

Note that access to the scales is available to STARS members only. If you are researching in the field of Salutogenesis, consider joining. Membership is free. Click here for more information. 



The 29-item version of the Orientation to Life Questionnaire is the original questionnaire used to measure the sense of coherence. 11 items measure the comprehensibility component, 10 items measure the manageability component, and 8 items measure the meaningfulness component. 


The SOC-29 is available in Croatian, Czech, English, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Japanese, Lithuanian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese (Brazil), Russian, Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish and Welsh.


Please note that on the download page for the questionnaires you may find a codification file with detailed instructions on scoring that you are required to use.



The 13-item of the Orientation to Life Questionnaire is the shortened version of the SOC-29. Its psychometric properties are good and it is offered in several languages. It is especially useful for measuring sense of coherence when used in long questionnaires that include other measures, as well as for populations who need assistance in filling out the questionnaire, or when administering it face-to-face.


The SOC-13 is available in Arabic, Chinese, Croatian, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Georgian, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Korean, Lithuanian, Malay, Portuguese (Brazil), Romanian, Russian, Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish, Tamil, Thai, Turkish and Urdu.

​Please note that on the download page for the questionnaires you may find a codification file with detailed instructions on scoring that you are required to use.

Other SOC Scales


Beside the original full 29-item and the shortened 13-item versions of the Orientation to Life Questionnaire (OLQ), other variations of SOC measures were developed. These include questionnaires with a different number of items (such as the German SOC-L9 Leipzig version), as well as questionnaires intended to measure SOC at the family (SOFC), community (SOCC) and national (SONC) levels. There is also a questionnaire designed for children of ages 5-10 (CSOC).

These questionnaires are available in the following languages:  SOC-6: English, Swedish; SOC-9/SOC-L9: English, German; SOC-16: English; SOC-26: German; CSOC-19: English, Hebrew, Swedish; CSOC-21: Swedish; SOCC-7: English updated; SOFC-12: English; SONC-8: English, Hebrew; The Future Scale (from SOC): English.

Please refer to the dedicated section in the forum regarding questions about the use of the SOC scales and post any unanswered questions there.

SOC Scale Forum