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Corona Research Collaboration

STARS researchers from several countries are collaborating on an international study to examine the relationship between coping resources and mental health during the Corona crisis. 

Details about the study can be found below. 

If you are interested in joining this project, please contact Dr. Adi Mana:


Discuss questions about the project, find collaborators or share study materials in the dedicated section of our STARS forum: 

(STARS members only)

Participating projects

Study in English (fielded in the United States)

Study coordinator: Lisa Hardy (

Link to participate in the survey:

Study in English (fielded in Canada & Nigeria)

Study coordinator: Grace Ukasoanya ( 

Currently no data collection in progress 

Study in German (fielded in Austria, Germany, Switzerland)

Study coordinators: Georg Bauer ( & Claudia Meier Magistretti (

Data collection finished

Study in Dutch (fielded in the Netherlands)

Study coordinator: Lenneke Vaandrager (

Currently no data collection in progress

Study in Hebrew (fielded in Israel)

Study coordinators: Adi Mana ( & Shifra Sagy (

Currently no data collection in progress

Study in Portuguese (fielded in Brazil)

Study coordinators: Rute Grossi-Milani (

Currently no data collection in progress

Title: Individual and national coping resources and their relationships with mental health and anxiety:
A comparative study in Israel, Italy, Spain, and Netherlands during the Corona crisis 

Adi Mana[i], Sabina Super[ii], Claudia Sardu[iii], Dolors Juvinya Canal[iv], Shifra Sagy[v]




The COVID-19 pandemic has affected the lives of millions worldwide, causing great uncertainty and anxiety. Although the pandemic is global, it appears each nation has developed its own way of managing the crisis.

Employing the salutogenic model (Antonovsky, 1987) we ask how individuals cope with this crisis in an effort to maintain their health and wellbeing. We hypothesized that individual as well as national resources could explain levels of mental health and anxiety.

Understanding the contribution of individual and national coping resources to the level of mental health can suggest ways national and global decision-makers might deal with the crisis in a way that promotes health.


The individual resources include sense of coherence and social support of family, friends, and virtual contacts. We are especially interested in the individuals’ perception of national resources such as sense of national coherence, trust in governmental institutions, compliance with instructions, and common attitudes towards the Corona virus. Relevant demographic variables (socioeconomic status, gender, religion, political orientation) will be explored.


A pilot study was carried out from March 23 to the 25th, 2020 amongst a sample of 600 (289 males) Israeli adults. Questionnaires were administered via an online survey platform. Questionnaires included several standard tools (MHC-SF, Keyes, 2005; GAD-7, Spitzer, Kroenke, Williams & Löwe, 2006; SOC, Antonovsky, 1987; SONC, Mana, Srour, & Sagy, 2019) as well as other questions relevant in this context. The results confirm significant importance of both individual and national resources and also raise a special interest in SONC as a potential predictor of the individual's mental health and anxiety (Mana & Sagy, in press).

Based on this pilot study, the questionnaire has been translated and the next stage of data collection will take place during April and May 2020 in four countries: the sample will include 600 Italian, 600 Dutch, 600 Spanish and 600 Israeli participants. 



Antonovsky, A. (1987). Unraveling the Mystery of Health: How People Manage Stress and Stay Well. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Keyes, C. L. (2005). Mental illness and/or mental health? Investigating axioms of the complete state model of health. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73(3), 539-548. 10.1037/0022-006X.73.3.539

Mana, A & Sagy, S. (in press). Can political orientation explain mental health in the time of a global pandemic? Voting patterns, personal and national coping resources, and mental health during the Coronavirus crisis. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology. 

Mana, A., Srour, A., & Sagy, S. (2019). A sense of national coherence and openness to the “other’s” collective narrative: The case of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 25(3), 226–233.

Spitzer, R. L., Kroenke, K., Williams, J. B. W., and Löwe, B. (2006). A brief measure for assessing generalized anxiety disorder the GAD-7. Archives of Internal Medicine, 166, 1092–1097. doi: 10.1001/archinte.166.10.1092

[i] Adi Mana, Department of Psychology, Peres Academic Center, Israel

[ii] Sabina Super, Health and Society, Wageningen University & Research, the Netherlands

[iii] Claudia Sardu, Department of Medical Science and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Italy

[iv] Dolors Juvinya Canal, Health Promotion Chair, University of Girona, Spain

[v] Shifra Sagy, Martin Springer Center for Conflict Studies, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel

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