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Besides the original full 29-item and the shortened 13-item versions of the Orientation to Life Questionnaire (OLQ), other variations of SOC measures were developed. These include questionnaires with a different number of items (such as the German SOC-L9 Leipzig version), as well as questionnaires intended to measure SOC at the family (SOFC), community (SOCC) and national (SONC) levels. There is also a questionnaire designed for children of ages 5-10 (CSOC). However, when a short version of the personal sense of coherence (SOC) scale is needed, it is recommended to use the original SOC-13 version for reasons of generalizability and comparability. Several language versions of SOC-13 can be found here.

These questionnaires are available in the following languages:  SOC-6: English, Swedish; SOC-9/SOC-L9: English, German; SOC-16: English; CSOC-19: English, Hebrew, Swedish; CSOC-21: Swedish; SOCC-7: English, Hebrew; SOCC-8: English; SOFC-12: English, Hebrew; SONC-8: English, Hebrew; The Future Scale (from SOC): English.

Note that access to the scales is available to STARS members only. If you are researching in the field of Salutogenesis, consider joining. Membership is free. Click here for more information. 

Please refer to the SOC Scale Forum regarding questions about the use of the SOC scales and post any unanswered questions there.

Work Sense of Coherence (Work SOC)

The team of the Center of Salutogenesis at the University of Zurich in Switzerland has developed a questionnaire to measure the work-related sense of coherence (Work SoC). It is a nine-item seven-point Likert-type scale to assess the experience of comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness in the workplace. It has been and continues to be translated into several other languages including English, German, and Norwegian (see the references below).


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